7 misconceptions about schizophrenia that educated people are ashamed to believe

7 misconceptions about schizophrenia that educated people are ashamed to believe

 There are a lot of prejudices around any mental disorders, but schizophrenia is particularly unlucky.

What to hide, we are a little afraid of people with this diagnosis, and this is not surprising — the media image of the disease is not very sympathetic. In films, schizophrenia takes its owners out of everyday life into a special world, making people either geniuses or murderers — you don't understand. Together with the pharmaceutical company "Gideon Richter" we figured out where the truth is and where the error is.


Myth 1. Schizophrenia is a rare disease


Compared to other mental disorders, schizophrenia is really not that common. It affects 20 million people worldwide with Schizophrenia, while 264 million people live with depression. But this is not a rare disease. In Russia, there is a list Of rare (orphan) diseases of rare diseases, which include conditions that occur in a maximum of 10 people per 100 thousand of the population, and schizophrenia is not on this list. Official statistics with information about how many people in the country live with this diagnosis can not be found, but, according to Schizophrenia: painful fear of VTSIOM, an acquaintance or relative with schizophrenia has about 20% of Russians.


Myth 2. people with schizophrenia have multiple personalities and


Dissociative disorders switch from person to person. Schizophrenia doesn't have this symptom. Probably, this myth was born 4 Myths About Schizophrenia (and the Facts You Need to Know) from the meaning of the word schizo itself, which translates as "split".


Myth 3. All people with schizophrenia behave the same way

 
schizophrenia behave the same way

There are common symptoms of Schizophrenia (because it is a disease). Among them, hallucinations of voices, music, flashing lights and faces that aren't there; delusions — the belief that watching you in the brain put thoughts, and a TV send hidden messages; confusion — the thoughts scatter, and speech becomes incoherent, so that other people don't understand the essence of the conversation. Symptoms that increase the perception of reality (a person feels something that does not exist) are called productive, or positive.

But the disease is not limited to this. There are also negative symptoms when feelings are blunted, rather than amplified. A person becomes withdrawn, seems detached from the rest of the world. The motivation to watch your appearance, communicate and leave the house disappears. Negative manifestations often become Symptoms of Schizophrenia cause misunderstandings in the family or friends, because they are mistakenly perceived as rudeness or laziness, and not signs of schizophrenia.

There are many symptoms, they are combined and expressed in their own way, so we can not say that people with schizophrenia behave the same way. In addition, everyone has personal qualities of character that are not determined by the disease, but can influence behavior.
Myth 4. People with schizophrenia are dangerous, so they should be isolated

It may be that a person with schizophrenia is Risk assessment for aggressive behavior in schizophrenia is prone to aggressive behavior. It, by the way, is not necessarily directed at others — usually the patient tries to harm himself. But that doesn't mean that a diagnosis automatically makes people violent. Most of them are no more dangerous than what is Schizophrenia? you and I have never committed a violent crime.

In 2019, Gideon Richter and VTSIOM asked Russian residents what they know and think about schizophrenia. One in four respondents believe that the disease makes a person dangerous, so it is better to stay away from other people. Even experts sometimes believe in such myths. Because of the stigma, schizophrenia sufferers may be afraid to seek medical help and as a result do not receive proper treatment. Not only in health matters, but also in social life, people face schizophrenia discrimination because of their diagnosis. For example, they may be banned from voting in elections, and it may be more difficult to get a job and get an education.


MYTH 5. Schizophrenia develops due to childhood trauma


There is a similar myth: "it's all the fault of the genes." In fact, the exact cause of the disease is unknown to science Causes Schizophrenia . Probably, several factors play their roles at once: heredity, features of the structure and work of the brain, stress. But traumatic events such as violence or the death of a loved one do not in themselves cause the disease. They are more likely to provoke symptoms in those who are genetically predisposed to schizophrenia.


MYTH 6. Schizophrenia is treated with tranquilizers


Schizophrenia is treated with various medications, but mostly antipsychotics — their goal is not to turn the patient into a vegetable, but to eliminate Mental Health Medicines hallucinations, delusions and other symptoms. So that a person does not delay taking medications and learns to control the disease, medications are combined with psychotherapy. Often, family members and the patient themselves need to come to the realization that schizophrenia is not someone's fault, but a disease that appears for biological reasons. Family and other types of therapy work with this.


First-generation antipsychotics coped with Pharmacotherapy for schizophrenia: Acute and maintenance phase treatment mainly with productive symptoms of schizophrenia, such as hallucinations, but may not be effective enough when help was needed for patients with negative symptoms, such as loss of motivation. Today, modern antipsychotics are available-research shows that they work effectively with both positive and negative symptoms, while they have milder side effects. Last year, the international pharmaceutical company Gideon Richter registered a new generation drug in Russia — now specialists can include it in the treatment plan, giving patients the opportunity to lead a more harmonious lifestyle.


Myth 7. People with schizophrenia remain disabled for life


Schizophrenia is indeed a disease for life, but with the help of medications, support from relatives and psychotherapy, it can be controlled. In many people, symptoms of schizophrenia may return Living with Schizophrenia very rarely, so they live an independent and active life.